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Facebook and Jio Talks: Everything You Should Know

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Facebook (NASDAQ:FB) in talks to purchase a 10% stake in Indian telecom operator Reliance Jio, according to the Financial Times. Jio is a subsidiary of Reliance Industries—a conglomerate controlled by India’s wealthiest man, Mukesh Ambani. If the talks between Facebook and Jio go through, the investment could be billions of dollars.

Right now, the talks between Facebook and Jio have paused because of travel restrictions in place around the world. India is in lockdown due to the coronavirus. The government wants to curb the spread of the deadly virus.

Facebook and Jio want to make a deal

Jio has grown rapidly since it started commercial operations in 2016. The company has 370 million subscribers, which made it India’s largest wireless operator in just three years. Jio’s rapid growth came after an aggressive price war that it started with incumbents Vodafone and Airtel. Later, Vodafone merged with Idea to form Vodafone Idea in a bid to counter Jio.

In addition to the main wireless phone service operation, Jio is also into the media business through video streaming service JioTV and music streaming service JioSaavn. The company has a mobile wallet called “JioMoney.” Jio is also launching a new payment service. In this area, Jio’s and Facebook’s ambitions align.

Facebook has shown a huge interest in the payments business. The company already offers some forms of payment service through its Messenger app, which lets users transfer money to their contacts. The company will roll out a mobile payment service tied to WhatsApp in India. Also, the company has a major payment project called “Libra.” Facebook has set up a payment subsidiary called “Calibra.” The company will provide a broad range of financial services including facilitating Libra transactions.

Notably, the talks between Facebook and Jio come after Vodafone dropped out of Facebook’s Libra project. Vodafone owns a stake of about 45% in Vodafone Idea. Therefore, the discussions between Facebook and Jio could help offset Vodafone’s loss in the Libra project.

Technology giants fight for stakes in Ambani’s business empire

Billionaire Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Industry is interested in multiple industries. In addition to telecom, where Jio is the flagship, it also runs retail and energy businesses.

Google (NASDAQ:GOOGL) also explored investing in Jio, according to The Financial Times. There has been competition between Facebook and Google for strategic assets. Last year, Facebook and Google pursued fitness tracker and smartwatch maker Fitbit (NYSE:FIT). Google finally won the bidding after significantly raising its offer for Fitbit.

We don’t know where the latest Facebook and Jio talks leave Jio’s previous discussions with Google. However, Google signed a large cloud computing partnership with Airtel last year. Under the deal, Airtel will resell Google’s cloud services to its small business customers in India.

Amazon (NASDAQ:AMZN) is another US technology powerhouse that has discussed investing in Reliance. The company has negotiated for a 26% stake in Reliance Retail—the conglomerate’s retail unit. At one point, China’s Alibaba (NYSE:BABA) was interested in purchasing a stake in Reliance Retail.

Jio prepares for IPO, expects Facebook investment

Ambani’s Reliance Industries plans to spin out and list Jio in five years. The talks between Facebook and Jio come six months after Ambani revealed that Jio had received strong interest from global strategic investors. Amabani also revealed that Jio has been profitable from the beginning.

With Jio valued at about $60 billion, a stake of 10% in the business would cost Facebook no less than $6.0 billion. However, that’s a bill that Facebook can easily afford. The company finished 2019 with $55 billion in cash reserve.

Reducing the debt burden

The talks between Facebook and Jio come at a time when Jio parent Reliance has focused on eliminating debt. Reliance’s debt was at $42 billion as of June last year. Reliance has been selling some of its assets to raise cash to pay down its debt. Last year, the company agreed to sell a 20% stake in its refining and petrochemical unit to Saudi Aramco. The deal valued the unit at $75 billion and could fetch about $15 billion for Reliance.

Facebook stock is trading at a discount

The report about Facebook wanting to invest in Jio comes after the stock recently suffered a big sell-off due to coronavirus fears. Facebook stock fell more than 14% on March 16 to record its worst decline since the beginning of the year. The stock fell to a new year low of $146. However, the stock has started rebounding. Facebook shares rose 8.70% on Tuesday and closed at $160.98. The gain on Tuesday helped Facebook stock pare its loss for the year to 21% from 30% on March 20.

Still, Facebook shares are trading at a 28% discount to their 52-week peak. The stock is trading at about a 35% discount to Wall Street’s average target price of $224.

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