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What Do Inflation Numbers in Macao Indicate?

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Inflation rate

Inflation is a general increase in the price of goods and services, leading to a fall in purchasing power. Macao’s annual inflation as measured by the composite consumer price index rose 1.03% YoY (year-over-year) in July 2017, which was lower than the 1.06% inflation rate in June 2017.

Despite the decline, inflation has been on a rising trend since February 2017, when Macao’s inflation rate reached a low of 0.37%, according to data released by the Statistics and Census Service (or DSEC). Prior to that, inflation had been on a declining trend since February 2016, when it touched a high of 3.9%.

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The slight decline in inflation was due to slower price increases of Transportation and Miscellaneous Goods and Services. Transportation, which accounts for 11.0% of the index, rose 2.2% YoY compared to 2.5% in June. Miscellaneous Goods and Services, which accounts for 9.0% of the index, rose 0.84% YoY compared to 1.6% in June.

Food and Beverages, which account for the largest share of 29.0% of the index, rose 1.8% YoY. Clothing and Footwear, which accounts for 6.5% of the index, rose 1.8%.

Healthcare and Education registered the highest growth. Healthcare, which forms 3.0% of the index, rose 5.2% YoY. Education, which makes up 2.9% of the index, rose 7.5% YoY. By contrast, Communication, which forms 2.5% of the index, registered the largest fall of 5.8%.

Consumer price index

The consumer price index rose 1.1 percentage point YoY to 109.5 from 108.4 in July 2016.

Takeaways

The International Monetary Fund forecasts Macao’s inflation rate to rise to 2.0% in 2017 and then further rise to 2.2% in 2018. Some analysts are estimating that the inflation rate will reach 3.0% by 2020.

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