uploads///WTI Brent Price Movement

What’s the Impact of Global Factors on Crude Oil Prices?

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Sep. 16 2015, Published 11:24 a.m. ET

Imbalances in crude oil prices

Crude oil prices have fallen almost 50% since last year due to an imbalance in the market. Apathetic economic growth in China and Europe is restraining the global appetite for crude oil, which has an overly abundant supply. US producers are producing at 90% capacity, with American oil production nearing record levels in 2015.

Saudi Arabia is further straining the market, as the country and other OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) members refuse to reduce their output. Such a move would help raise oil prices but would threaten their share of the Asian markets.

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WTI-Brent price movements

Brent crude oil in the global benchmark plunged to $42.51 per barrel on August 26, 2015. It was its weakest level since March 2009 after China cut its benchmark interest rate for the fifth time in nine months in an attempt to jump-start its sluggish economy. US light crude, or WTI (West Texas Intermediate), dropped to $38.24 per barrel, its weakest since February 2009.

Prices bounced back on Thursday as markets rebounded from Monday’s stock scare. Brent crude settled at $50.05 per barrel on August 28. US light crude (WTI) rose to $45.22 per barrel on August 28 from its previous low of $38.24 per barrel.

Volatile prices may affect US oil producers

Low prices affect oil producers such as ConocoPhillips (COP), Chevron (CVX), Occidental Petroleum (OXY), and Apache (APA), as they get lower prices for their products. Prices also affect the iShares US Energy ETF (IYE).

Lower prices don’t bode well for MLPs, either. MLPS such as Plains All American Pipeline Partners (PAA) transport crude oil. Lower prices could translate into lower produced and transported volumes. The uncertainty in the crude oil market also affects ETFs such as the Energy Select Sector SPDR ETF (XLE) and the SPDR S&P Oil & Gas Exploration & Production ETF (XOP).

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