Brazil’s Inflation Continues to Soar While Growth Is Stagnant



Brazil is in stagflation

Brazil (EWZ) is in a state popularly known as “stagflation.” Currently, the economy is characterized by low growth, high unemployment levels, and a rising inflation rate. The economy is stagnant. It’s at a high level of inflation.

The consecutive rises in the key rate, the SELIC rate, haven’t been able to help rein in inflation in Brazil. The economy already has one of the highest key rates among the emerging market (EEM) economies. Also, the economy is contracting. Its GDP (gross domestic product) contracted by 1.90% in the second quarter this year.

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Falling commodity prices have been eroding the commodity-rich country’s export revenue. It also impacted the revenue of key businesses in the area like Petrobras (PBR)(PBRA), Vale (VALE), and Gerdau (GGB). The corporate tax rate in Brazil is at 34%. It’s one of the highest among emerging nations. Please read, Why Brazil looks expensive compared to the BRIC nations, for a look at Brazil’s valuation against the other BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, China) nations.

Let’s take a quick look at the economic woes that Brazil is facing.


Brazil’s GDP is contracting. It was -1.90% in 2Q15 and -0.70% in 1Q15.

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Industrial Growth

Manufacturing conditions are deteriorating. The Markit Manufacturing PMI (purchasing managers’ index) for August 2015 came in at 45.80. It has been at the contraction—below the 50 threshold mark—level since February 2015.


Unemployment is rising. It was at 7.50% in July 2015. It was at 4.30% back in December 2014.

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Inflation and the SELIC rate

Inflation is soaring in Brazil. Currently, it’s at 9.53% in August 2015—up from 6.41% in December 2014. Also, a rise in the SELIC rate isn’t helping. The rate is at 14.25%. There have been seven consecutive hikes in the rate with no deterrent effect on the roaring inflation rate.

Government budget

The Brazilian government’s budget is in deficit. It’s -0.60% of the country’s GDP—a historic low. It averaged +1.86% from 1998 to 2014.

Brazil’s economic situation definitely doesn’t seem to hold much promise for the nation. However, there’s light at the end of every tunnel. There are certain opportunities that could help Brazil recover from its current economic situation


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