Natural gas prices closed down sharply on the week given a warm weather outlook
The front month contract for natural gas priced at Henry Hub closed at $3.51 per MMBtu (millions of British thermal units) on November 1—down from the prior week’s close of $3.71 per MMBtu. Natural gas fell throughout the week, as forecasts called for a warmer-than-normal November. Weather forecasters, including MDA Weather services, were reported to predict normal or above-normal temperatures in the eastern US through November 15.
Natural gas prices are especially important for domestic independent upstream names whose production largely includes natural gas, such as Chesapeake Energy (CHK), Southwestern Energy (SWN), Comstock Resources (CRK), and Quicksilver Resources (KWK).
Natural gas price movements are also relevant for commodity ETFs such as the U.S. Natural Gas Fund (UNG), an exchange-traded fund designed to track the price of Henry Hub natural gas (the standard benchmark for domestic natural gas prices).
Weather is an important demand factor in winter
As winter approaches, an important driver for natural gas demand and therefore natural gas prices will be temperatures. Colder weather will increase demand for natural gas, as it’s a major fuel for home heating. For more on why weather affects natural gas prices, see Colder-than-normal weather is a positive catalyst for natural gas.
Natural gas prices are low from a long-term perspective
From a long-term historical perspective, natural gas has been trading at low levels over the past few years. Prior to the financial crisis of 2008, natural gas had reached peaks of over $15.00 per MMBtu. Since 2008, a large amount of natural gas supply has come online without an equivalent increase in demand due to the discovery and development of large natural gas shale resources in the United States. Many investors expect natural gas prices to remain relatively depressed, as the development of shale resources has allowed companies to produce natural gas economically at lower prices.
For companies weighted towards natural gas assets and production, prices have an important effect on valuation
Market participants and upstream energy companies monitor natural gas prices because lower prices translate into lower revenues—and therefore lower margins and valuation for natural gas producers. The chart below shows natural gas prices plotted against CHK’s and KWK’s stock prices over time on a percentage change basis. The graph demonstrates that the companies’ valuations are closely related to the price of natural gas.
Negative short-term indicator: Prices remain relatively low from a long-term view
This past week, natural gas prices were down, which was a negative indicator. In the coming months, winter weather will be an important driver to watch for natural gas prices. From a wider long-term perspective (five years and longer), natural gas prices are relatively low. Fluctuations in natural gas prices most affect natural gas–weighted producers, such as the companies mentioned above (CHK, SWN, CRK, and KWK), and the U.S. Natural Gas Fund ETF (UNG). Investors with such holdings find it prudent to track the price of natural gas.