13-week Treasury bills auction
The U.S. Department of the Treasury auctioned 13-week Treasury bills, or T-bills, worth $24 billion on July 13. The amount on offer was the same as the previous week.
Overall auction demand, as represented by the bid-to-cover ratio, was up by 6.50%—compared to last week. The bid-to-cover ratio rose from 3.8x a week ago to 4.1x on July 13.
T-bills don’t pay a coupon. They’re offered at a discount to face value. They’re redeemable at par on maturity. The high discount rate for the July 13 auction came in at 0.015%—the same as in the previous week.
Market demand rose
Market demand jumped for 13-week T-bills, led by a rise in allotted indirect bids. The percentage of indirect bids grew to 25.30% of the accepted bids from 10.40% a week ago. Like accepted indirect bids, direct bids also rose. These bids formed 9.10% of accepted bids in the previous week. They rose to 12.60%. Direct bidders include domestic money managers—for example, State Street (STT).
Due to high market demand, the share of primary dealer bids tanked to 62.10% from 80.50% in the previous week. Primary dealers are a group of 22 broker-dealers authorized by the Fed. They’re obligated to bid at US Treasury auctions and take up the excess supply. They include firms like Goldman Sachs (GS) and Citigroup (C). A fall in the percentage of primary dealer bids shows strong fundamental market demand.