Natural gas rigs
On November 4, 2016, the natural gas (UNG) (FCG) (BOIL) (GASL) (GASX) (UGAZ) (DGAZ) rig count was 117—three more than the previous week. However, the number of active natural gas rigs fell by 82 over the past year. A year ago, there were 199 natural gas rigs.
The natural gas rig count for the week ending November 4, 2016, was 92.7% lower than its peak in 2008. The rig count reached a historic high of 1,606 in 2008. The natural gas rig count for the week ending November 11, 2016, will be released by Baker Hughes (BHI) on November 11, 2016.
Crude oil rigs and natural gas production
The oil rig count, not just the natural gas rig count, will be important to watch alongside natural gas prices this week. It could be a bearish catalyst for natural gas. Over the past ten years, natural gas production moved more in tandem with the crude oil rig count than with the natural gas rig count.
Despite the fall in the number of natural gas rigs since August 2008, natural gas production continued to rise. Apart from natural gas–targeted wells, natural gas is also often an associated product of crude oil (USO) (OIIL) (UWTI) (USL) extraction.
Rising crude oil prices after the subprime mortgage crisis kept the number of oil rigs rising until June 2014. With increasing crude oil extraction, the associated natural gas production also kept rising despite falling prices. Increasing rig efficiency helped US natural gas companies produce more natural gas with fewer rigs.
Trump’s aggressive energy policy could boost drilling activity. It would mean more active drilling rigs and an increase crude oil and natural gas production. It could add to the current supply glut situation.
Since June 3, 2016, crude oil rigs have risen by 125 rigs as of the week ending November 4, 2016—a rise of 42.4% from the bottom. On November 4, 2016, the US crude oil rig count was 450—nine more than the previous week.
Natural gas prices and ETFs
The above trend helped boost natural gas production and suppress natural gas prices despite a fall in the number of active natural gas rigs. If the number of oil and gas rigs keeps rising, it could boost natural gas production and pressure prices.
Given the impact on production and energy prices, rig counts impact ETFs such as the ProShares Ultra Oil & Gas (DIG), the PowerShares DWA Energy Momentum ETF (PXI), the Vanguard Energy ETF (VDE), the iShares US Energy (IYE), and the Fidelity MSCI Energy ETF (FENY).
In the next part of this series, we’ll take a look at natural gas inventories.