Who Were The Hollywood 10 And Why Were They Blacklisted?

Nov 02, 2023

By: Deep Das Barman

What Did The Hollywood 10 Do?

The Hollywood 10 were a group of film producers, directors and screenwriters who refused to answer questions regarding their possible communist affiliations. The group was asked questions by the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) about their politic...

1. Herbert J. Biberman

Herbert J. Biberman was a known screenwriter who wrote screenplays for several movies in the 1930s and ’40s like “The Master Race”. After Biberman refused to testify before HUAC in 1947, his wife and actress Gale Sondergaard also refused to cooperate with HUAC...

2. Alvah Bessie

Writer Alvah Bessie had volunteered to fight in the Spanish Civil War against General Francisco Franco, a fascist ruler in 1938. Following the Civil War, Bessie wrote screenplays for several movies, including the World War II drama “Hotel Berlin”. After Bessie...

3. Lester Cole

Screenwriter Lester Cole, who co-founded the Screen Writers Guild in 1933, worked on several screenplays for films such as “The House of the Seven Gables” starring Vincent Price and “Objective, Burma!” for which Alvah Bessie wrote the original story. He was fi...

4. Ring Lardner Jr.

Ring Lardner Jr. was a screenwriter and a board member of the Screen Writers Guild. He is best known for co-writing the 1942 movie “Woman of the Year”, before the HUAC trial. Lardner was also fined $1,000 and sentenced to 12 months in Danbury Prison. After his...

5. Edward Dmytryk

Edward Dmytryk was an exception among the Hollywood 10 as he later admitted to being a member of the Communist Party, and named other alleged members, which ended his blacklisting. Dmytryk initially fled to Britain for two years. He was arrested on his return ...

6. Albert Maltz

Writer Albert Maltz is best known for screenwriting films such as “Pride of the Marines” for which he won an Academy Award nomination for best-adapted screenplay. After paying the $1,000 fine and serving his 12-month prison sentence, he continued writing scrip...

7. John Howard Lawson

John Howard Lawson was also one of the co-founders of the Screen Writers Guild and he served as its first president as well. He was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Story for “Blockade” (1938). He was also fined the same amount and sentenced to 12 month...

8. Samuel Ornitz

Another co-founder of the Screen Writers Guild, Samuel Ornitz wrote screenplays for several films, including “Little Orphan Annie”, which was based on the popular comic strip, and published the novel “Bride of the Sabbath”. He was sentenced to 12 months at Ver...

9. Adrian Scott

Adrian Scott was arguably at the peak of his career when he was called before the HUAC. Scott flew to London and kept looking for work before he appeared before the HUAC. However, he returned in 1950 and was handed a $1,000 fine and sentenced to 12 months in t...

10. Dalton Trumbo

Screenwriter Dalton Trumbo was best known for his work “Kitty Foyle (1940)”, which earned him an Academy Award nomination. His other famous work was for “Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (1944)”, before his blacklisting. He was sentenced to a year in prison and black...