a racecar with and E15 promo on the hood
Source: Pixabay

Here’s Why E15 Fuel Sales Are Normally Banned in the Summer Months

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Apr. 13 2022, Published 7:33 a.m. ET

Worldwide, people have been facing higher gas prices, and the ongoing Russia-Ukraine crisis has added fuel to the fire. Americans are also reeling under inflation, which is at a four-decade high. As a result, the Biden administration has issued an emergency waiver that will allow the year-round sale of E15 fuel, which is usually banned during the summer months. Why is selling E15 normally banned in summer?

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E15 is a gasoline blend with up to 15 percent ethanol. As ethanol can be made with domestically grown corn, the U.S. doesn't need to rely on foreign energy suppliers for it. E10, a blend with 10 percent ethanol, is usually available year round.

Why are E15 sales normally banned in summer?

In the U.S., gas stations are usually banned from selling E15 from June until mid-September under the Clean Air Act, an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulation that's been in place since the 1990s. This regulation is based on the fact that ground-level ozone (smog) is higher in summer.

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ethanol bottle
Source: Pixabay

While Congress waivered sales of E10 in 1990, it hasn't amended the E15 rules. Many have maintained that these rules are antiquated and need to change. The Trump administration tried to roll back the E15 ban in 2019, but a federal court blocked the move.

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How much can buying E15 save at the pump?

The Biden administration has temporarily allowed E15 fuel sales to ease pressure on consumers. The actual savings through E15 are, however, a matter of debate. Whereas the White House says that buying E15 can save consumers an average of 10 cents per gallon, The Verge has pointed out that ethanol has about a third less energy than gasoline, making E15 less efficient—so, consumers would have to fill up more often.

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corn field ethanol
Source: Unsplash

Why is ethanol added to gas?

Under the Renewable Fuel Standard (created under the Energy Policy Act of 2005), ethanol is required to be blended into gasoline. Ethanol enhances the octane rating of gasoline, letting the fuel burn rather than explode. About 97 percent of gasoline sold in the U.S has ethanol in it.

Furthermore, since ethanol is produced from domestically grown corn, it provides billions in revenue dollars for states producing it, creating thousands of jobs. According to Renewable Fuels Association, ethanol production in 2020 accounted for more than 62,000 direct jobs across the country, $35 billion of the GDP, and $19 billion in household income. Ethanol is a major U.S. export.

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