uploads///Decreasing Economic Activity in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico’s Structural Problems Are Similar to Greece’s

By

May. 8 2017, Updated 6:05 p.m. ET

Reduced economic activity in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico shares a story similar to Greece’s (GREK) in terms of its dismal economic performance and exacerbated debt issues. With its rising debt at ~$72 billion and its shrinking economy, Puerto Rico needs to pay much more attention to the structural issues impacting its economic performance.

Let’s take a look at Puerto Rico’s economic activity indicators over the last few years.

Article continues below advertisement

Fall in economic activity

The economic activity indicator (or EAI) is a coincident index for Puerto Rico’s (HYMB) (SHYD) economic activity. EAI is highly related to Puerto Rico’s real gross national product (or GNP) in terms of both level and annual growth rate. As we can see, the region’s economic activity has been falling since 2006.

The EAI for March 2017 was 121.0, a 2.5% fall compared to March 2016. Puerto Rico’s economic activity also fell 0.4% in March 2017 compared to February 2017.

Structural problems

Puerto Rico’s economic problems seem to be more structural than cyclical, so the region will need structural reforms to cope with its several issues. Puerto Rico’s economy has seen several shocks in the last decade, including the following:

  • fall in manufacturing activity
  • housing market slump
  • banking crisis
  • 2007–2009 economic recession

Apart from these cyclical factors, more significant factors on the supply side have affected the region’s economic activity. These supply-side factors include the following:

Article continues below advertisement
  • low labor participation rate at a meager 40%
  • high labor costs
  • outmigration resulting in population shortfall, which, according to the Puerto Rico Planning Board, could continue through 2020
  • high energy costs due to the inefficient transmission and distribution of electricity
  • high transportation costs and barriers to competition and business activity

Puerto Rico’s economy seems to be in a cycle in which unsustainable public finances are feeding into uncertainty and weakening growth, resulting in an increasing fiscal deficit and a high debt ratio, according to IMF (International Monetary Fund) economists.

Investment impact

The financial and economic crisis in Puerto Rico has affected the performances of ETFs that have high exposures to bonds issued by Puerto Rico and other municipalities. 

Some of these ETFs include the State Street SPDR Barclays Short Term Municipal Bond ETF (SHM), the iShares National AMT-Free Municipal Bond ETF (MUB), and the Invesco PowerShares VRDO Tax-Free Weekly ETF (PVI).

For more information on Puerto Rico, read Looming Uncertainty of Puerto Rico’s Debt Crisis.

Advertisement

More From Market Realist

  • Open sign on a sidewalk
    Macroeconomic Analysis
    Top Reopening Stocks to Play the Shifting Market Sentiment
  • Morgan Stanley sign and stock numbers
    Macroeconomic Analysis
    Morgan Stanley's Buyback Stock Picks in 2021
  • Black Wall Street sign is sign of ethical investing
    Macroeconomic Analysis
    Ethical Investing Stocks and Funds for Your 2021 Portfolio
  • New York City skyline and Goldman Sachs logo
    Macroeconomic Analysis
    Goldman Sachs: Options Trade Picks to Play Earnings Season Volatility
  • CONNECT with Market Realist
  • Link to Facebook
  • Link to Twitter
  • Link to Instagram
  • Link to Email Subscribe
Market Realist Logo
Do Not Sell My Personal Information

© Copyright 2021 Market Realist. Market Realist is a registered trademark. All Rights Reserved. People may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. Offers may be subject to change without notice.