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What Does It Cost to Run Twitter?

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Twitter’s expenses fell 16%

In 3Q17, Twitter (TWTR) reported $582.4 million in operating expenses, including its cost of revenues. However, it was less costly to run Twitter in 3Q17 compared with 3Q16, as its expenses decreased 16% YoY (year-over-year) in the latest quarter.

An examination of Twitter’s cost trends reveals that the company’s expenses have been declining in recent quarters. The 16.0% YoY decrease in expenses in 3Q17 followed an 11.0% YoY decrease in expenses in 2Q17 and a 10.0% decrease in expenses in 1Q17.

The recent decreases in expenses could be attributed to a restructuring that the company carried out in 2016. Twitter reduced its headcount, thus its payroll expenses, as a result of this restructuring initiative.

TAC for Twitter and Alphabet move in opposite directions

In 3Q17, Twitter’s key cost items such as marketing and R&D (research and development) decreased by 23% YoY in each case. Twitter’s TAC (traffic acquisition cost) also decreased 30% YoY in 3Q17. Its TAC was down 7.0% in 2Q17.

The TAC trend at Twitter contrasts sharply with what we’ve seen happening at Alphabet (GOOGL) in recent quarters. While Twitter’s TAC decreased 30.0% YoY in 3Q17, Alphabet’s TAC rose 31.0% YoY during the same period. Alphabet’s TAC rose 27.5% YoY in 2Q17 at a time when Twitter’s TAC decreased 7.0% YoY.

Snap recorded the sharpest increase in expenses

Alphabet’s total expenses reached $20.0 billion in 3Q17, up 19.8% YoY. Facebook’s (FB) expenses were $5.2 billion in 3Q17, up 34% YoY. Snap (SNAP) and Yelp (YELP) incurred operating expenses of $223.0 million and $215.6 million in 3Q17, up 102.0% and 17.0% YoY, respectively.

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