Norfolk Southern’s intermodal volumes
Norfolk Southern’s (NSC) total intermodal traffic rose 5.6% in the week ended February 4, 2017. Volumes reached nearly 80,000 containers and trailers, as compared to over 75,000 in the week ended February 6, 2016.
NSC’s container traffic rose 5.4% YoY (year-over-year), up from ~68,000 units in the week ended February 6, 2016, to ~72,000 units. As compared with industry players, NSC’s percentage rise in intermodal volume was higher.
NSC’s trailer traffic grew 7.7% YoY, from ~7,300 units in the week ended February 6, 2016, to 7,800 units in the fifth week of 2017. Since the beginning of 2017, NSC’s overall intermodal traffic in the first five weeks rose 2.9% YoY.
Why is intermodal vital for NSC?
NSC’s rise in trailer volumes appears to mark the end of its hardship due to the restructuring of TCS (Triple Crown Services), an underperforming subsidiary. NSC has been shifting shippers to other intermodal lanes. The restructured TCS intends to focus on specific merchandise like auto parts (TM).
Remember, the intermodal businesses of all major US railroads face strong competition from the trucking industry (JBHT). Although railroads are four times more fuel efficient than trucks, the fall in fuel prices in 2016 made truckers more competitive.
Meanwhile, the implementation of ELDs (electronic logging devices) in the trucking industry will most likely create service issues, thereby tightening truck capacity (KNX). With the tightening of the trucking market in 2017, intermodal should stand to benefit, according to Norfolk Southern.
However, with fuel prices on the rise again, intermodal volumes should rise in coming quarters. This rise would be due to the cost-efficient nature of railroads on medium and long hauls, where trucking would be less lucrative.
Investing in ETFs
Railroads make up part of the industrial sector. If you want exposure to the transportation and logistics sector, you can invest in the First Trust Industrials/Producer Durables AlphaDEX ETF (FXR). FXR’s portfolio holdings include major US airlines and railroads.
In the next part, we’ll look at the rail traffic of Norfolk Southern’s competitor, CSX (CSX).