Capital expenditure on aircraft purchases
American Airlines operated a total of 1,535 aircraft as of September 30, 2014, composed of 978 mainline jets and 557 aircraft operated through regional carriers. Because its fleet comprises older, less fuel-efficient aircraft, it has been replacing aircraft with newer models. In 2014, American Airlines invested $4 billion in property and equipment primarily related to aircraft purchases.
In 2014, American Airlines (AAL) purchased 13 Boeing 737 aircraft, four Boeing 777 aircraft, 23 Airbus A320s, three Airbus A330s, and eight Bombardier CRJ-900 aircraft. American also purchased several leased aircraft, including three A330s, three Boeing 777s, and five Airbus A320s.
American expects to take delivery of 100 aircraft by the end of FY14 and another 110 in FY15. The addition of the new aircraft will reduce the average age of its mainline fleet from 12.3 years in FY14 to 10.1 years in FY18.
Aircraft seat reconfiguration
American is also reconfiguring its aircraft to include more seats, allowing it to match the industry standards. The airline will add ten additional seats to 252 Boeing 737-800 aircraft by the end of FY15. By 2Q16, it plans to increase the number of seats on 47 Boeing 777-200 aircraft from 247 seats to 289 seats. The seat count on Boeing 767-300 aircraft will decrease from 218 seats to 209 seats because it plans to install seats that lie fully flat.
On the Boeing 737-800, American (AAL) and Delta (DAL) will have 160 seats, while United (UAL) will have 166 seats, and Southwest (LUV) will have 175 seats. The above table contains additional details. To improve cost and fuel efficiency, American is also replacing its 50-seat aircraft with 90-seat and 76-seat aircraft.
American expects to increase its capacity by 2% to 3% in FY15, and the management states that 1.5% of the increase will be due to aircraft reconfigurations and upgauging. ETFs that hold airline stocks include the SPDR S&P Transportation ETF (XTN) and the iShares Transportation Average ETF (IYT).