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Consumer credit is an important variable for consumer spending that offers insight into mortgage origination
The consumer credit reading includes most short- and intermediate-term credit extended to individuals. It doesn’t include loans secured by real estate, so mortgages and home equity lines of credit are excluded. It breaks down credit into two categories: revolving (credit cards) and non-revolving (typically car loans and student loans). While the consumer credit numbers don’t explicitly take into account mortgages, the trends in consumer credit translate into mortgage origination as well. All signs point towards easier access to credit.
Consumer credit increases in April
Consumer credit increased $28.6 billion (or 10.2% annualized) in April, as non-revolving credit increased 9.5% and revolving credit rose 12.3%. Consumer credit has increased every month since August of 2011. This indicates that credit is becoming easier to obtain, which should help increase consumption and economic growth.
Student loans have been increasing, which pushes up non-revolving debt. Increasing student debt has been partly driven by a difficult job market, as many students opt for graduate school after they’re unable to find a job. This is being borne out in the low household formation numbers, which have fallen dramatically since the housing bust.
Right now, the government, directly or indirectly, touches 90% of the mortgages currently originating. The only loans that are getting completed outside of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae loans are super-high-quality jumbo loans. Put simply, unless you can fit into a conforming or government loan, you’re probably not getting a mortgage unless you have 60% equity in your home and have a mid-700 FICO score.
We’re starting to see the mortgage market thaw for people who had previously been unable to qualify for a mortgage. Redwood Trust (RWT) had been the only issuer of private label (non-government) mortgage-backed securities until very recently. Now other bankers are doing deals. While private-label securitization has fallen off since rates started increasing, we’re still seeing flow. The stated income loan is probably the next product to be introduced. These products completely depend on the securitization market. Finally, once we get some regulatory certainty out of Washington, the market should begin to really open up.
Implications for homebuilders
Homebuilders, such as KB Home (KBH), Lennar (LEN), Standard Pacific (SPF), D.R. Horton (DHI), and Toll Brothers (TOL), are highly sensitive to mortgage origination. If their customers can’t get credit, their activity falls off. The thaw in the mortgage market can only mean good things for homebuilders. Stated income loans (loans to small-businesspeople who don’t have a steady W-2 salary) are going to drive a lot of future purchase activity.
As credit improves, increased consumption should drive economic growth, which should translate into job growth for workers in their 20s. The low household formation numbers over the past five years haven’t been due to demographics—they’ve been due to a lousy economy. Those low household formation numbers represent pent-up demand for housing, especially starter homes. Conditions are lining up well for the entire sector.
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