Must-know: Why did the demand for 3-month T-bills increase?
A surge in demand for three-month T-bills
Treasury bills (or T-bills) are short-term debt obligations issued by the U.S. government through a single-price auction, meaning all the competitive and non-competitive bidders are issued T-bills at a yield quoted by the lowest bidder. T-bills are quoted at a discount to face value.
Last week’s T-bill auctions included $25 billion one-month (or four-week) and $25 billion one-year (or 52-week) T-bills auctioned on April 29, plus $25 billion three-month (or 13-week) and $23 billion six-month (or 26-week) T-bills auctioned on April 28. The Department of Treasury also auctioned $15 billion floating rate notes on April 29.
We have already discussed the one-month T-bill auction in the previous part of the series. We will cover the three-month T-bill auction in this part of the series.
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The demand for three month T-bills continued to rise as reflected in the bid-to-cover ratio increasing to 4.89x for the April 28 auction from 4.64x for the April 21 auction. The discount rate also dropped to 0.020% from 0.030% for the April 21 auction indicating aggressive bidding. Primary dealers were the most active participants with 77.3% of the total $25 billion allotted to them.
ETFs investing in T-bills are SPDR Barclays Capital 1-3 Month T-Bill ETF (BIL) and iShares Barclays Short Treasury Bond Fund (SHV). Investors looking for short-term investment opportunities like T-bills, but are ready to take higher risk can invest in ETFs like PIMCO Enhanced Short Maturity Exchange-Traded Fund (MINT). PIMCO Enhanced Short Maturity Exchange-Traded Fund (MINT) invests in short-term securities such as T-bills, commercial papers, mortgage-backed securities, etc. A total of 70% of the fund’s assets are deployed in securities with maturity of less than a year. Financial services firms like Goldman Sachs (GS) and JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM) regularly issue short-term securities to meet their short-term funding requirements. Investors looking at a short-term horizon may invest in those securities.
To know more about 6-month T-bill auction held on April 28, read the next part of the series.