The previous Puerto Rican governors have tried to relieve the fiscally distressed economy by raising taxes, laying off 33,000 government workers, etc., but all in vain. What can Governor Alejandro Garcia Padilla, who took over the office last year, do differently to save an economy that is heading toward a default? The economy has already borrowed heavily to the point where it has tapped out.
Incentives to motivate employees
The current unemployment rate of 15.4% is one major area that needs to be addressed. The governor is already more than halfway toward reaching his often-repeated campaign pledge to create 50,000 new jobs during his first 18 months in office.He has vowed not to lay-off any workers. He is also aggressively promoting incentives to entice wealthy investors like hedge fund billionaire John Paulson, who has invested in an exclusive beach resort and condo complex.
Immigration is a major concern
With the exodus of professionals and middle-class Puerto Ricans moving to Florida and Texas in search of better jobs, there is a need to retain intellectual capital within the economy.
Also, there certain other measures that the government is taking to reduce the fiscal deficit.
An additional $1.3 billion in taxes has been sought, through increased corporate taxes, a broadened sales tax, and a new gross receipts levy. The corporate tax has been increased to the maximum of 39%. Although, because of the way the tax is structured, it hits companies with a less than 5% net profit margin the hardest, like food-related companies and supermarkets (smaller margins lead to higher taxes). This may cause certain businesses to flee from the island. Despite the situation, businesses like Eli Lilly (LLY), Seaborne Airlines, and Cooper Vision, a business unit of Cooper Companies, Inc. (COO) have arrived in Puerto Rico.
As Puerto Rico has been an attractive manufacturing destination for pharmaceutical companies, it needs to attract top U.S. multinationals like Johnson & Johnson (JNJ), or Pfizer (PFE) to solve many of its problems. The iShares U.S. Pharmaceuticals ETF (IHE), and the Invesco PowerShares Dynamic Pharmaceuticals Portfolio (PJP) track the performance of the pharmaceuticals sector of the U.S. equity market. Both these ETFs include JNJ and PFE in their portfolios.
The governor has overhauled three major pensions, including trimming the pension for teachers. He has also shifted many government workers from traditional pensions to 401(k) type retirement plans, while raising retirement ages and increasing employee contributions to the plans.