Oil prices are a major valuation driver for energy stocks
West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil (priced at Cushing, Oklahoma) is the benchmark crude for U.S. oil. Movements in WTI oil prices are a major driver in the valuation of domestic oil producers. Higher oil prices also incentivize producers to spend more money on drilling, which results in increased revenues for oilfield service companies (companies that provide services such as drilling, fracking, and well servicing). Consequently, WTI prices are an important indicator to watch for investors who own domestic energy stocks.
WTI crude prices rose on the week
Last week, WTI crude oil prices finished at $100.32 per barrel, compared to $99.32 per barrel the week prior. Last Friday, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) released the weekly data on crude oil stocks. EIA data showed a sharper-than-expected drop in crude oil inventories, which indicated either stronger-than-expected demand or less-than-expected supply. EIA data also showed larger-than-expected decreases in stocks of gasoline and diesel, which are refined products of crude oil. The information was bullish for crude oil prices. For more analysis on crude oil inventories, see Why inventory figures for crude and refined products were bullish.
Note that WTI more represents the price producers receive in the U.S., and there’s another benchmark for crude called Brent, which more represents the price producers receive internationally. For more on the price difference between the two benchmarks, please see Must-know: Why the WTI-Brent oil spread might narrow in 2014. As the domestic benchmark, WTI prices matter more for domestic companies such as Chesapeake Energy (CHK), Range Resources (RRC), EOG Resources (EOG), and Pioneer Natural Resources (PXD) than for companies with significant international exposure, for which Brent prices might be more relevant to watch.
Oil prices have remained relatively high and stable, supporting energy company valuations
For most of this past year, WTI crude oil has been range-bound between ~$85 per barrel and ~$110 per barrel. As we’ve seen, higher crude oil prices generally have a positive effect on stocks in the energy sector. The below graph shows WTI crude oil price movements compared to XLE and EOG on a percentage change basis from January 2007 onward. You can see that crude oil, the XLE ETF, and EOG (one of the largest U.S.-concentrated companies in the energy space) have largely moved in the same direction over the past several years.
As the graph above shows, crude oil prices are a major driver in the valuation of many energy investments. Oil prices affect the revenues of oil producers, and consequently affect the amount of money oil producers are incentivized to spend on oilfield services.
This past week’s upward movement in prices was a short-term positive for the sector. The longer-term stable and elevated price of oil has been positive, as crude prices have largely remained above $80 per barrel since late 2010. Investors with domestic energy holdings in names such as CHK, EOG, RRC, or PXD may find it prudent to track the movements of benchmarks such as WTI crude.