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The weekly natural gas storage report affects natural gas prices
Every week, the Energy Information Administration (the EIA) releases data on how much natural gas is stored in facilities across the United States. These figures, also called “natural gas inventories,” can affect US natural gas prices and therefore the valuation of producers of natural gas. A larger-than-expected decrease, or “draw,” in inventories can reflect greater demand or less supply (or both) and is a positive for natural gas prices (and vice versa for a smaller-than-expected decrease). A larger-than-expected increase, or “build,” in inventories can reflect less demand or greater supply, which is a negative for natural gas prices. Natural gas prices affect the earnings and valuation of domestic natural gas producers such as Chesapeake Energy (CHK), Quicksilver Resources (KWK), Southwestern Energy (SWN), and Range Resources (RRC).
Reported inventories were below expectations
On October 10, the EIA reported that natural gas inventories increased 90 bcf (billion cubic feet) for the week ended October 4, bringing current inventories to 3,577 bcf. A survey of experts estimated the build in inventories to be 94 bcf. This is a positive indicator for natural gas prices, as it implies more-than-expected gas demand, less-than-expected gas supply, or both. Natural gas prices rose slightly on the day, closing at $3.72 per MMBtu (million British thermal units) compared to the prior day’s close of $3.68 per MMBtu.
This week’s natural gas inventory build was less than consensus estimates, resulting in a positive short-term catalyst
Investors who are long (that is, who own shares in) natural gas through an ETF (exchange-traded fund) such as the US Natural Gas Fund (UNG) or natural gas producers such as Chesapeake Energy (CHK), Southwestern Energy (SWN), and Quicksilver Resources (KWK) should monitor inventory draws and builds because they’re significant data points in the national supply and demand picture of natural gas. The supply and demand dynamics of the commodity affect its price and therefore also the margins of companies that produce natural gas.
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