The economy as a whole is affected by changes in the Selic rate since it affects the funding costs of banks and hence the funding costs of companies, which changes how much capital companies can invest in growth. For example, homebuilders are negatively affected by increases in the Selic rate since it increases the cost of borrowing for both the builders and the investors and hence it limits the amount of capital to invest leading to a slowdown in housing starts and profitability for the industry.
The Brazilian Central Bank released the minutes of the latest Copom minutes earlier this month. This is an important event that holders of Brazilian equities, such as iShares MSCI Brazil Index Fund (EWZ), should follow. The committee decided to reduce the Selic rate to 7.25% from 7.50% with a tight voting win of 3 out of 5 votes. This should fuel short term growth in the economy and calm any potential inflation fears.
The reduction in the Selic may be taken as a sign of confidence from the government that inflation is under control and that the economy can continue to expand in the short term without risk of overheating. The contrarian view of course, would be that the Copon is worried about a slowdown, but nonetheless the reduction may still spark growth. EWZ holders can feel confident of good prospects in the short term.
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